Holland History

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Holland is located in the region that lies in the central-western part of the Netherlands. Holland is surrounded with colorful flower fields, windmills, and historic cities. Holland is an artistic place where people can find the world's finest art. People of Holland are independent and friendly. Several structures like windmills, dikes, and canals are built to manage waterways in Holland.

The name Holland was a Viking word for "woodland". It was visited by Vikings several times when Holland was called Frisia.

History of Holland dates back to the 9th century as a county of the Holy Roman Empire. Counts of Hainaut, Flanders, and Zeeland are similar to the counts of Holland. This extended for several periods dating back to the 13th and the 15th centuries. In the year 1432, Holland was considered a part of the Burgundian Netherlands. After 1477, it became a part of the Habsburg Seventeen Provinces.

Northern Dutch Provinces, including Holland gained freedom from the Habsburg-Spanish rule during the Eighty Years' War that started in 1568 and continued until 1648. After this period, Holland became the most famous, dominant and prosperous part of the United Province.

After the year 1795, the Batavian republic was formed and was inspired by the French revolution. This led to a better and civilized government in Holland. An administrative reform was introduced in the year 1798, and its dominance on Holland was reduced to a great extent. In the same year, the territory of Holland was divided into several other branches. From the year 1806-1810, the Napoleonic Kingdom of Holland did not exist but included many parts of modern Holland. Holland was separated after the French occupation in the year 1810-1813. After 1813, Holland was re-established as a province of the Netherlands. Holland is actually a small part of the Netherlands consisting of provinces called South Holland and North Holland.

Source by Elizabeth Morgan